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Qiu Shanqin: to develop mobile operating systems with independent intellectual property rights

recently, the seventh 2012 open source China open source World Summit Forum was held in Beijing. What makes this year's forum different from previous ones is that a considerable part of the speeches are about mobile Internet. Qiu Shanqin, chairman of China open source software promotion alliance, accepted an exclusive interview with CCID and expressed his views on the development of domestic open source software in mobile Internet and the development of the whole industry. He believed that China should build a mobile terminal operating system with independent intellectual property rights. In addition, he also pointed out that at present, some domestic Internet enterprises use Internet embedded software to "kidnap" users, which is not desirable

chairman Qiu expressed concern about the development of Android system. He said that many people can't make money developing applications on Android, and the business model is untenable and even dead end if it goes on for a long time, because no one is willing to develop applications on it. The openness of Android system is both good and bad for its development. For China, chairman Qiu believes that it is necessary to build a mobile terminal operating system with China's independent intellectual property rights, which is an important part of building an industrial ecological chain. He said that the alliance has been trying to solve the problem of compatibility to avoid the incompatibility between many software and hardware identification processes. In addition, he also said that he would formulate "rules of the game" based on core technologies to regulate the development of the industry

Zeng Jianqiu, a professor at Beijing University of Posts and telecommunications, also mentioned this problem in an interview with CCID. He said that in recent years, Beijing post has made a major national special project, which is called the new operating system middleware application platform, with the purpose of unifying the interface to solve the incompatibility problem. The Chongqing project is of industrial strategic significance. He believes that the mobile operating system will be unified in the future. Therefore, in order to improve competitiveness, China must develop its own mobile operating system

chairman Qiu also expressed his views on the innovative mode of domestic "interconnection". He bluntly said that the development prospect of this mode of "kidnapping" users through embedded software is not optimistic. He worried that due to the lack of core competitiveness, the profit of this innovation model could not be guaranteed, and it would die in innovation. He believes that building an ecological chain like Apple's is not without opportunities in China, but enterprises must find their own positioning in the industrial chain and have core competitiveness

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the following is the interview record:

: today, many topics of our forum are about mobile Internet. I have a question to hear your opinion. At present, one of the mainstream mobile operating systems is Android and the other is i0s. Due to the openness of the Android platform, developers need to develop many different terminals. Compared with the closed IOS system, IOS is better at protecting developers. What do you think

Qiu Shanqin: what you're talking about is a problem. Making money on IOS but not on Android. If this business model goes on for a long time, it won't work. Android will die, and no one is willing to develop applications on it. We also see that the deeper reason is that Android itself can't solve it, because Android is too open to adapt to different types of terminals, which is both good and bad for its development. In order to avoid oil pollution, what are the opportunities for Chinese enterprises in this development process? First of all, we need to build a mobile terminal operating system with China's independent intellectual property rights. We are doing this. So how to do this? How to do the technical route? How to build the whole ecosystem? Building a mobile intelligent terminal operating system is part of building an ecological chain, but we should avoid the problem of paying a lot and not making money, otherwise we will not be willing to do this, which is the problem we want to solve. How to solve it? We have our own ideas, and we always want to do one thing, that is to solve the interface problem, solve the compatibility problem, and avoid the incompatibility between many software and hardware identification processes, which is the problem we should focus on. Another point is to formulate the rules of the game. If you continue to develop like Android, it is not necessary. What Microsoft really fears is not apple but Android, so we need to make the rules of the game

: what are the rules based on

Qiu Shanqin: Based on core technology

: is there a platform to unify the interface

Qiu Shanqin: you can say so

: how do you view innovation issues like "interconnection"

Qiu Shanqin: Well, the essential innovation of interconnection is interconnection. In the future, you will also see that it is wrong to do something like interconnection. The threshold is too low. Now if we continue to develop like this, the industry will be destroyed. Innovation requires cost, but you can't make money because the profit is too low. For example, now it's very open. I'm willing to customize it, but will the customized service be done? No, because it masters a platform, the real competition lies in the terminal business. A large number of our users must use the terminal rather than the cloud. If there is such a platform and they are willing to cooperate with us, they will not do it. Apple has its own products, there will be no problem. You only have open software and help it develop software, but how much money can you earn by developing software? Apple is $1billion. How much do you calculate it makes? He took all the money, so this is what Internet companies want to do. But where are our opportunities? If you think about it carefully, you will know that we don't have many opportunities, because we are very passive. We just work as porters and combine the best hardware in the world. We earn 10% of the money, but we undertake a lot of after-sales service. Why is Xiaomi more passive recently, because you don't have hardware. Why is Nokia collapsing so fast? After its profits are reduced, it can't support these huge service systems. So making hardware is a very important thing. However, the companies that do exactly the Internet never know how to make hardware, and they have no experience in this field

: for example, some hardware is left to Huawei, and the operating system is made by itself

Qiu Shanqin: he puts his own application into it. In some cases, he is the leading user. I think our regulators will also have such a problem. They uploaded apps that don't allow Android to kidnap users! I don't need what you think is good, which is also something the regulators should consider. At that time, our Internet companies would have problems if they wanted to implant their own applications. The government has done a very good thing in this regard, requiring that every outgoing PC be pre installed with an operating system, which has also caused great dissatisfaction. This is a good thing to avoid piracy. If you don't have an operating system, you have to buy it, but why can't you get support? Because it's a question who is pre installed. In the future, with the development of technology, the division of labor will be more and more detailed. How an enterprise moves in the industrial chain needs to be considered. Can you go on like an apple? Once it goes wrong somewhere, it must be the overall situation, and apple has also gone through this process. These problems do not mean that they will happen soon, not this concept, but that we should learn from their experience, but they are not without problems. Where are the opportunities for IT industry? It's not that with Apple's ecological chain and Microsoft's ecological chain, China will have no chance

: in the previous period, when Google acquired Motorola, the Chinese government promised that it would be free before 2016, but we can't expect things after 2016. You said we want to develop our own operating system. What is the process in the future

Qiu Shanqin: we must speed up the process. Even if it continues to open source, we should also consider the information security and industrial security of our country. Now we are working with many enterprises to promote this. Many large enterprises are doing it and supporting it. Some large companies are more concerned about the future development of this industry

: in the process of promoting the development of open source software industry, what are the next steps of the alliance

Qiu Shanqin: cloud computing, IOT, mobile Internet and other new generation information technologies are developing rapidly, and the work of the alliance should also be comprehensive. First, the most important point is to strengthen the external cooperation of the alliance. Carry out extensive cooperation with open source related enterprises, organizations and communities around the world, China, Japan, South Korea and China, so that the alliance will become an important window for foreign exchange and cooperation in the domestic open source community. The second is to strengthen the construction of open source community and improve China's contribution to the international open source software community. Third, a very important point is to strengthen ecosystem construction. Now, there are many open-source and open intelligent terminal system platforms in the mobile intelligent terminal operating system, and ecosystem construction has become the core of competition. I think that the "single ecosystem", including PC, tablet computer, vehicle intelligent terminal and even IPTV, may be the development trend of the future operating system. An important issue here is the standard specification, which solves the compatibility problems encountered in the technological innovation process of a variety of open source operating systems represented by Linux. Another important issue worthy of attention is the importance of intellectual property protection. The fourth is talent training

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